Harvard stifles social media freedom of expression?

Harvard University dismissed ten freshmen because of inappropriate remarks posted on social media. Where is the boundary of social media freedom of expression?

A few days ago “Harvard University Newspaper” reported a news that has aroused the concern of a large number of US media and Chinese Internet users: 10 2021 newborn, because in the small group of Facebook share ridiculed victims of sexual assault, the Holocaust , The expression of the children’s package was dismissed. China’s title party quickly made a fuss about the #news dismissed by Harvard as a result of an expression package.

Harvard University said the revocation of student admissions is the final decision. Mark Zuckerberg, the founder of Facebook two weeks ago, just arrived at the Harvard graduation ceremony (see above), is not it to face social media?

American media interviewed law professors at Columbia University and New York University. They all agreed that freshmen are not protected by the constitutional amendment and have no freedom of speech. Susan Bloch, a professor of constitutional law at Georgetown University Law Center, said: “The Constitution really does not apply here … The constitution limits the government’s power to suppress speech, not private universities.”

Only Alan Reichaowitz, a retired professor of law at Harvard Law School, disagreed. Dewasowitz himself, a Jewish man, was once famous for his successful defense of the 1994 hit star Simpson’s assassination. Although he himself did not see these fugitive postings himself, “it sounds like Harvard University is invading the private life of students,” arguing that withdrawing the admission permits would have done a very bad precedent: “Political views punishing students in an academic setting or Personal values ​​are a serious mistake that does not conform to the spirit of the First Amendment to the U.S. Constitution … It may affect the lives of these students. ”

lifetime! Just for posting on a few social media!

It is conceivable that in the same week as the national college entrance examination in China, this news with Harvard and the aura of “freedom of speech” promptly prompts Chinese netizens to question whether Harvard stifled the freedom of speech of social media.

Actually, the right of freedom of speech advocated by the First Amendment of the United States Constitution has always been restricted by content, occasion and other factors. Pornography, incitement to violence, and hatred are often not within the scope of protection. The so-called “free speech” (Free Speech) is not “free”!

The Chinese concern about this incident is probably partly due to the illusion of efforts to “freedom of speech” in the United States. In fact, in the field of social media, the legitimacy of speech is not necessarily the most important consideration. I think the core of the Harvard incident is not really a question of the freedom of speech of the freshmen, but the question of “judgment” and “character” displayed by these freshmen!
In my article “How many years can I still be admitted to Yale?”, I wrote in recent years that AmericanUniversity encouraged students to use social media to express themselves when submitting application documents. However, at the same time, social media records have also become students in school visits data of.

Students who grew up with social media often forget that social media is a personal repository open to the world and that the files are conveniently becoming the quality or behavior of government, business, school examiners as the software for machine analysis becomes more widely available Tool of!

The improvisational nature of social media makes it easy to lose heart. However, speak for a price!

The offensive, private online content of students has become a concern for many schools to stop school crime. Last year, Harvard canceled the season for the Harvard Men’s Soccer team because the players collected facebook and internet photos of the freshmen’s women’s football team and rated them according to their values.

Recently, the Trump administration has just announced that it has launched a new questionnaire for U.S. visa applicants, including the names of social media users for the last five years. Although the main aim is to fight terrorists, in recent years, U.S. immigration authorities have used social media to detect foreigners’ “unlawful acts.”

However, the habit of Chinese WeChat to leave the body has long been the consensus reached by Western media. Therefore, when a Chinese student studying abroad in the United States entered the United States in March, the customs saw her chatting in WeChat six months ago and disclosed to her Do not like this school, just temporary identity, “was interrogated more than three hours later, was immediately repatriated to China. This means that language barriers are no longer preventing regulators from detecting cross-border social media content.

National conditions determine the penetration of social media

From the average figure, the use of social media in China is less than the United States penetration. According to Statista’s January data, average social media penetration in China is 57% of the population, compared with 66% in the United States.

However, from my personal experience, the differences in this data may reflect the population base in China and the base of sample surveys, failing to summarize the geographical differences in China. Basically, I think at least in big cities, Chinese people use social media more frequently and more often than Americans I know.

This may be related to the fact that I once worked as a lawyer on Wall Street, as a lawyer in the financial community around me, and few would spend time playing social media. Social media has always been a mined minefield in any area that is associated with the US stock market, as accidental disclosure may have violated corporate secrecy or the SEC’s disclosure rules.

For example, I used to engage in a lot of hundreds of millions of large company mergers and acquisitions, the most taboo is insider trading and pre-M & A stock price volatility. Not only in all the documents, the participants are replaced by the password code, and sometimes in order to avoid the eyes, both sides of the high-level will choose to meet at third-party venues. Once I participated in the project or even sounded attacked west, mobilized a dozen high-level, investment bankers and lawyers, camp to Mexico negotiations.

From this perspective, if a team member posting on social media, revealing their whereabouts, well-intentioned people can follow it, find some clues.

Also, the vast majority of U.S. financial scandals have been exposed by e-mail as evidence. If the e-mail with privacy has such a lethal, let alone social media?

To some extent, the leapfrog digital age that China has entered directly has its own cultural differences. Feeling that many young friends may feel more open about the “new voice of voice” brought about by social media.
According to data released by Kantar in February 2016; 62% of U.S. adults use Facebook, Twitter or both, and 56% of Chinese adults use Weibo, WeChat, or both. The percentage of women and men who use social media is 67% to 56% in the United States and 58% to 54% in China.

While US social media usage penetration is slightly higher than in China, Chinese users spend more time: Americans spend an average of 43 minutes on Facebook every day, while Chinese use an average of 48 minutes each day on WeChat. In addition, according to “Social Media Today” in 2014, 91% of Chinese Internet users have social media accounts, but only 67% of U.S. Internet users have social media accounts.

This is a bit of a synopsis with my understanding that there are many American business people who regularly use the Internet but are not necessarily social media.

Speaking of lawyers, investment banks and investment friends around me, few people have the time or energy to play personal social media, and their units have very limited restrictions in this respect. It can be said that from a professional point of view, the role of industry and individuals determine the tendencies to use social media in an individual way.

Social media can be a very informative tool for industries that need to be open to the public, such as fashion, entertainment, retail and the media, but even in these industries there is a very clear picture of what individuals and businesses represent.
Before hiring a staff member, I would have to have the team first search their account on the social media site, and almost half of them had a bad situation. One time I saw a soliciting worker who made several “curse sentences” in the Weibo account for more than 40 words. what’s the situation? This not only shows the poster who has a very bad judgment, but also make people think: What kind of person is this? Actually spend so much effort to write so many bad language, her negative energy is not too high? Such abuse of language violence is not suitable as a media editor.

I’m obviously not a minority: According to Snelling.com, a leader in the U.S. employment industry, 86% of employers search for social networks before offering interviews.

Even after hiring an employee, I repeatedly observe their social media operations, except repeatedly reminding them. Once, on the first day of work, a young buddies immediately sunbaked her photos on her face at her desk. Of course I understand how beautiful and worthwhile it is for a college graduate to work for a “long face” company in a New York skyscraper!

The problem is that her computer screen is precisely the turnover of our major advertisers, and other confidential information!

Another time, we just delineated a celebrity as the cover of the magazine, caught off guard, a small partner on the “pop” – the photo of the star on the microblogging made, also wrote a few words: “The next cover figure!”
The problem is that this matter has not yet been completely settled, if once changed, it lost its trust to the reader; if seen by competitors, may take the opportunity to stir up trouble. All work information is confidential, and the confidential world does not belong to social media.

“Quickly delete it!” If you often hear these words in the office, it means that there must be “Employee Social Media Manual,” which is an essential internal management tool for US companies in recent years.

The use of social media obviously varies with national conditions and may be slightly different from the research data. According to Microsoft’s January 2015 report on the analysis of the world’s social media usage, the fact that social media and the Internet represent different values ​​for different people around the world means that differences in geographic location and social status also affect different populations Different influences of social media and technology.

The analysis also pointed out that 60% of respondents in developing countries think personal application technology and social media have promoted interpersonal relationships, but only 36% of respondents in the West think that social media improves people and people The connection between. And social media is a channel that people in developing countries use to get news, changing how users live and understand the surrounding community.

The latest Kant’s China Social Media Impact Report released on June 6 this year shows that users have an impact index of 79.8 on social media, and 70% of people think social media has a positive impact on their lives: Knowing what their friends are doing, 69% think social media helps them to know hot news stories and 61% think they are expanding their knowledge level.

At the same time, users in China also reflected the harmful effects of social media: 48% of respondents think social media has reduced the time spent reading books, 48% think their eyes have gone bad, and 42% think they have insufficient sleep!

American big coffee CEO does not like to play social media

By contrast, according to research released by the Pew Research Center in May 2016, 62% of American adults used to receive news on social media, and 18% of them regularly get news. Although this figure continues to increase, but does not seem high in China.

Although the penetration rate of social media usage in the United States is not low, it is not popular at the top of the business. In fact, in the U.S. business and political leaders, Trump is regarded as an alien. Although many social media communicators have called on CEOs to increase their use of social media, they have not changed much since 2015.

According to CEO.com’s CEO Social Report 2016, released on May 30, this year, Facebook, Twitter, LinkedIn, Google +, Instagram and YouTube are the most commonly used social media platforms for Americans. The use of social media by The Fortune 500 CEOs is the result of:

Sixty percent of Fortune 500 CEOs do not have any social media accounts, slightly less than 61% in 2015.
In 2016, 75 CEOs changed on the Fortune 500 list, of whom only 29 new CEOs actively used social media.

26% of the 500 CEOs have a social media account, 11% have 2 social media accounts, 2% have 3 social media accounts, 1% have 4 social media accounts, and only one has 5 accounts .

LinkedIn is still the preferred CEO, followed by Twitter.

Satya Nadella, CEO of Microsoft, Mark Benioff of Salesforce.com and Mary Bora of General Motors have published an article on Pulse, the news-reading application launched by LinkedIn.

Apple’s CEO Tim Cook has the largest number of Twitter followers: close to 4 million at the end of 2016 and currently (just checked) 5 million. Buffett has 1280000 Twitter fans so far, although made only 9 push posts, his post forwarding rate is the highest.

Only 36 of the Fortune 500 CEOs used Twitter in 2016 (down from 50 in 2015), of which only 25 were active accounts.

Instagram, the largest social networking Facebook and affiliate Instagram, has very few Fortune 500 CEO users. Only 40 (about 8%) of the Fortune 500 CEOs have a personal Facebook page, 32 of which are inactive in the last quarter of 2016. The average Fortune 500 CEO who uses Facebook has only a few hundred followers.

This shows that Facebook’s position in the office of the president of the United States, more and more marginalized. Of course, the obvious exception is Facebook’s founder Mark Zuckerberg, whose Facebook account has 78 million followers.

These data show that U.S. CEOs setting up their social media accounts essentially use them as a tool of occupation, which also explains why they prefer to use LinkedIn and Twitter as the platform for these two partial text attributes is more suitable for promoting commercial areas Contacts and resources, but also suitable to promote product philosophy. In contrast, Facebook and Instagram, which favor bi-directional image and video sharing, are perfect for totally private interaction.

And CEOs do not have time to indulge in totally private interactions. The professional investors and investors I want to invest in their company’s stock do not want to see them photographing or brushing Facebook all day long. I think that virtually, this also has the “up and down effect” indicator.

In the United States, the willingness, frequency, and channel of use of social media channels are obviously industry-specific: top tech, retail, media and entertainment executives are the most enthusiastic about the use of social media while executives in energy and air travel are least likely to active.

Of course, scenes sometimes make people forget their professional identity: The Oscars’ award-winning Big Oolong this year was due to the fact that the PwC staff in charge of counting votes at the awards ceremony Play tweets, in the moment before the best video awarding is still post-photo Emma Stone, so will not go wrong. According to reports, PwC asked in advance to retain the winning list of two accountants, at the awards ceremony may not use social media. The accidental accountant has since insulated from the client account of the Oscars!

My experience on Wall Street and my friends in the financial world have observed that for highly regulated industries such as finance, money management, insurance, pharmaceuticals, healthcare, and social media, there may be a law minefield. Goldman Sachs carefully controls all social media activities and must document and archive every official post, tweet, check-in and business-related “pranks.” The company must even be responsible for the employee’s iPhone, post office hours and post-office tweets, even though like-innocence actions like clicking on a Facebook-per-click post may also result in SEC regulation.

But the hurdles are not limited to “highly regulated” areas, with Jean Murphy, the former chief financial officer of clothing retailer Francesca, behind the board issuing a seemingly innocuous tweet from his private account: Board of Directors. Good Performance Number = Happy Board. ”

The problem is that the official earnings have not been released to all investors, so 238 Twitter followers from Murphy got “insider information” and violated one of the SEC’s big bans. Shortly thereafter, he was fired on charges of “improper information dissemination of company through social media!”

In addition, the irony is that while we sing the importance of personal privacy, we often forget that social media often conflicts with personal privacy. Even in the media world, I often remind working partners that social media is like a tail that has been specially made for stuffing, and if you want to let your boss know that you are having a cell phone during business hours or living up to the erosion of working hours, Sun drying.

In general, having a cow personal social media account may not add enough to your boss’s eyes unless you are solely responsible for the company’s social media. But under the same circumstances, sometimes the boss may ask, why do you have time to go to work for your time up for popularity, but there is no way to complete your task?

So I think the reason why the CEO of the Fortune 500 in the United States does not play personal social media is that although there are some intergenerational and senior factors not because they are lazy or can not afford to help people manage them, The trade-off between the interests, made some practical choice Bale.

Any social media postings and pictures, expression packs, tucao, funny, may become evidence to allow outsiders to judge. So I think whether it is college students, or CEO, the first civilized social media guidelines, just before the launch of any content press the release button to stop, ask yourself, apply the title of social media etiquette expert Gore Hande “Are you sure you want to post?”

Men shirt collar learning

Collar gorgeous, long and pointed collar style rebellion. As the economy improves, the collar of men’s shirts shifts from classic to gorgeous.

Fashion observers may be familiar with the hemline index, which reflects the economic barometer. It was first introduced by economist George W Taylor in 1926, which argued that during the economic boom, women’s skirts grew longer, and when the economic stock market downturn, the skirts became shorter. In 2010, a report released by the Econometric Institute at the Erasmus University Rotterdam showed that: since 1921, the data collected show that the relationship between economic prosperity and the length of women’s skirts There is a positive relationship, but the specific time lags about three years.

However, in addition to women’s, men will be affected by economic fluctuations? From Jermyn Street in London to the recently released menswear line, designers are moving away from classic lapel to gorgeous collar styles-shirt makers attribute this to a gradual improvement in economic conditions.

“As the economy starts to recover, consumers have more money to buy shirts,” said Dean Gomilsek-Cole, head of design and product development at Turnbull & Asser, Say. “We found the following pattern: Consumers are more likely to choose the shirt collar that fits their face, not the worse, and we do see the tab collar and the more extreme cutaway There are more and more people who use the former to fasten the short collar with a thin strip like ‘buckle’, the latter ‘s collar is actually removed and the result is a very wide collar.

Despite the many nuances of the shirt’s collar pattern, most ready-to-wear shirts still use traditional lacing, just for the majority of face types. And when the employment situation continues to improve, the shirt can not stand out in the same manner.

Recently, we talked about fashion issues with Bank of England Governor Mark Carney (do you still remember his men’s handbag?). Karni seems to have a dual mission: to lead its own macro economy to the right, but also pay attention to the specific start-up industries. He always wore a collar shirt (sometimes more exaggerated), unlike his predecessor, Mervyn King, who used traditional lackeys during the financial crisis.

“Everyone feels more fit during the sluggish economy,” said Geoff Quinn, president of shirt retailer TM Lewin, who just introduced a new crew neck shirt this month. But as the economy continues to improve, so does the confidence in dressing, and the new round-necked collar shirt we have just started dating back to the 1850s when Eton College first used it in school uniforms but ” Boardwalk Empire and Mad Men reintroduced it to mainstream society, which is the perfect match for business wear and fashion in the respect of traditional British dress. example.”

At Brioni’s fashion show this spring and summer this year, it also introduced a slightly modified collar shirt, while also introducing a variety of gold collar bars (gold collar bars); and Ralph Lauren (Ralph Lauren) Purple Label autumn and winter series did not make any minor changes to the collar —- but wear on the model body, and the face looks great match. In Patrick Dutz’s autumn-winter shirt, a smoother round-necked collar was introduced to match lazy-style clothing she designed.

In short, for those who favor personality shirt collar, always find the right revision style. “The rounded collar seems to be more popular with young people, but it is very interesting that the collar and tie clip are also popular again,” Cole said. “The lead has the effect of highlighting the tie, so you will definitely stand out.”

At the London Collections: Men, held January this year, the collar became the focal point of Richard James, who narrowed the narrow-necked collar and the semi-lapel to the studded studs Collar shirt collar used to carry out the mix; shirt maker Thomas Pink Design Director Frederik Willems said: “The collar with a narrow neck tie, the effect is particularly good, with custom clothing, it seems perfect, you know, custom clothing Wearing a slim body who, fashion taste full. ”

At Bottega Veneta’s spring / summer fashion show, the solemn collar shirt adds a touch of glamor to classic dark suits. “Angular face lined the effect of this shirt,” Cole said. “It has a low-toned image, and when it’s worn by a wide-brimmed shirt, it tends to look shorter and more men often wear larger bow ties to fill the space left by the collar, as this usually Is regarded as golden rule, and if it is a silk tie, it can be double Windsor and the effect will be very good, but we also see the trend of not filling the space left by the leader: the slender tie can be more Good to show the collar and tie. “At the annual Royal Ascot, Prince Charles appeared in this way, and has lasted for decades. His attention-to-detail approach has given the younger generation constant follow-up, drawing on this new style of fashion influenced by old fashion standards.

Regardless of favor of a fully collar shirt set off from the solemn dress, or want to use pointed long collar to show their personality in the creative and rebellious side, designers are happy. This long, pointed collar shirt was introduced at recent fashion shows by Alexander McQueen and Paul Smith. “The collar is the highlight of the costume,” Cole said. “Even a small change to a standard collar can have an extraordinary impact.”

When you are doing this, you may even be able to help the economy with one hand.

Famous stylists employed by celebrities

For Beyonce single “Formation” MV Mani Seno Feng modeling is responsible for shaping, she is good at combining the street costumes amazing results

Modeling design is to dress up all kinds of characters (whether the other is a movie star, model or not bad money to buy clothes for anyone), it is an industry with the times. Past celebrities may be focused on whether the fashion is avant-garde and unconventional (remember Lady Gaga’s 2010 fresh-cut fare?) Nowadays, they may wear sportswear and Timberland booties on a variety of social occasions. As more lively street fashion continues to appear in the T-stage, more practical wear-resistant fashion also became popular in the red carpet and other occasions: the new fashion show is a real picture of life, without deliberately designed Traces, but also has nothing to do with the price of fashion.

This change is undoubtedly due to social media, and now a large number of fans in Instagram and Snapchat and other social platforms, in addition to watching celebrities on the T-stage image, but also concerned about their every move in life. Celebrities in the past may just addicted to the red carpet fashion, and now they are always wearing the usual attention by fans.
It may be ironic that the “simple and natural” fashion, that is, the way a person instinctively builds his own image, is increasingly becoming a focus of work for another group. Although we know little about the names of these big-name stylists, we feel their extraordinary influence every moment of the day.

In February 2016, Beyoncé unveiled his single “Formation” through a horrifying video that was known to all by the then unknown 42-year-old stylist Marni Senofonte. Her Beyonce world tour dress styling is about to be done, but in fact Sennheiser was responsible for the other’s concerts and business shows since 2007, taking on more formidable tasks last year. She is credited with Beyonce’s variety of trendy costumes in Formation’s MV shot at Deep South in the United States. Beyoncé is wearing the latest Gucci, Alessandra Rich, Zimmermann, DylanLex and other fashion, crazy hurricane devastated New Orleans cry. Beyonce, dressed in a Dsquared2 uniformed jacket dotted in gold (this tribute to Michael Jackson) at the Super Bowl in Los Angeles the next day, sang .

“The effect is remarkable,” said Cernotte, commenting on the “Formation” response after the broadcast. “I think everyone is eager to see a brand new fashion image that we have not seen for some days, and we end up with a piece of art – even unspeakable. Feel it ingenuity.But in fact Beyonce clothing is very simple and clear (although there are several clothing in order to facilitate activities to make some changes).

With extraordinary description can be described as appropriate. The various costumes in Formation reflect the resentment of society and politics. In the MV, Beyoncé defended and upheld the roots and ethnic groups of his own culture well. Cenoquant skilful reference to the pre-Civil War South and loose, 禳 lace and freshly washed Zimmermann and Alessandra Rich dresses, and their street culture full of costumes (such as with a brand identity Gucci custom-made, which is She created her with the fashion inspired by Gucci creative director Alessandro Michele). These clothes are stylish and full of flavor, but also fit the Beyoncé temperament, all this is exactly what Cenogent special skill. Who can think of it: A Look at the Gucci 2016 spring / summer collection of topped bright shirts and skirts with hand-painted graphics priced at £ 745 and £ 990 respectively Land War boots with the fashion effect will be so painful?

Beyonce’s dress in “Formation” is a revelation to Givenchy’s nude-colored skirt (see-through tulle dress in crystal) she attended last year at the Met Gala in New York City’s metropolitan museum The other. Although the latter is a festive dress, but not a real sense of everyday attire. Seanoy Fonte was not in charge of Beyonce last year’s charity show, she said he felt Beyonce clothing should be “more accessible.” “My heart remembers the public response to the chosen dress,” she said. “I call it the Halloween Effect.” Think about girls going to wear this Gucci sportswear in the autumn of October? Probably high. “And that’s the real costume.

In the social and fashion circles have such a huge influence, with Beyonce stars a handful of rival, and her rivals usually employ fashion stylist. Rihanna stylists are mainly Mel Ottenberg and Anna Trevelyan (the latter selected for Tommy Hilfiger ) Song and dance halls dresses to star in the hit song “Work” MV). Kanye West, the co-designer of Yeezy’s best-selling shoes at Adidas, funded her own design team by bringing Off-White’s Virgil Abloh and Yeezy’s 22-year-old fashion consultant Ian Connor (Ian Connor) and many other design talent recruited under the command. Lady Gaga is just like the unconventional and wantonly hyped after a place in the fashion industry, and in its present stylist and confidante Brandon Maxwell’s call, has been shocking the appearance of his extraordinary image A lot.

“Gaga knows everything about her goals,” said Maxwell, 31. Since 2012, he has been Gaga stylist, but also create their own fashion brand. “The process is generally straightforward – Gaga would be as simple as going to the Golden Globes presentation and picking up the dresses.” (The dresses are the Versace tight neckline Black velvet evening dress.) Although Gaga’s dress has never been uncomfortable, but she seems to prefer the current set of popular Hollywood suit, she was wearing Brandon Maxwell designed skirt to participate in this year’s Oscars (Academy Awards), the image looks fresh and bright than ever before. After the awards show, Maxwell received a lot of inquiries, but due to the large amount of fabric and the complex three-dimensional cutting required to create the suit, and the desire to “always be Gigi (nicknamed Gaga)”, Sleeve skirt will become a swan song.

Celebrity endorsement, of course, can greatly enhance brand awareness, its influence will be far beyond the scope of T-Taiwan. And stylists have become the key link between brands and consumers. Drake’s “Hotline Bling” MV was broadcast on YouTube in October last year, hitting nearly 700 million hits. The biggest beneficiary is the Moncler, a manufacturer of ski wear, the producer of Draco’s red jacket (priced at $ 1,150) in MV. (Drake worked with stylist Nicky Orenstein to “pipe” the MV.) When Rihanna posted a photo of her own Dolce & Gabbana on Twitter, Headphones priced at nearly $ 9,000, the next day the headset was sold out. In the meantime, New York designer Chris Gelinas noticed “a surge in demand” after he published a photo of a skirt he designed in the US version of “Vogue.” In the end is which famous model wearing this dress he designed? Supermodel Kendall Jenner! He later nicknamed the skirt “Kendall.” Reputation and fan base can translate into real money.

But none of the recent fame has come to Lotta Volkova, the stylist for Vetements, the burgeoning fashion world. Volkova is stylist and fashion consultant for the Parisian fashion house (run by Demna Gvasalia) and Balenciaga, the French fashion house owned by Kering. In Balenciaga, Volkova also plays for Gvasalia.
Volkova advocates young, simple and durable wear type of fashion: in part because she believes that today’s sweat pants and hoodies the proliferation of fashion. In spite of this, her influence was not revealed by the fashion week but by celebrity engagement. Many of Volkerko’s models (as well as the T-Channel catwalk stars) were formed by the friends and co-workers of the Vetements design team who knew Gvasalia a few years ago while playing nightclubs, It is insipid.

Her interest in street fashion culture began with the childhood experience of living in the port city of Vladivostok, Russia, where her father was captain. “We were very prosperous at the time,” recalls Volkova, 32, “because we have been in constant contact with foreign and Western worlds, even in those few years before the collapse of the Soviet Union.My father often went to Japan, The United States and South Korea, came back and introduced us with all sorts of insights. “The” fit “of the international consciousness undergoing Russian social transformation and secretly trained people, in a style in which she was impressed by the combination of poverty and minimalism, Revealed in full. She is not afraid to suffer a little bruises and show something ugly. Many of her designs have their roots in turbulent times since the collapse of the Soviet Union in the 1990s: for example, her favorite flower was “gvozdika,” a species of carnations that the Russians used to take for the protests. ”

“I am inspired by a variety of subcultures and Russian youth cultures.” Volkova added that she had studied art at central Saint Martins in London for as long as eight years as a stylist. “The Internet has a significant role to play in interacting with people, and I became deeply fascinated by the fact that I first came into contact with it in the 1990s – and I’m still fond of the Internet.” Elkova’s philosophy has now evolved into a true fashion movement – high-end fashion is now deeply influenced by the street fashion culture.
She said: “What I am most proud of is that I’ve become a personal friend of most of my collaborators, which gives me a chance to establish a very solid relationship, because … the relationship is real.”

My invention changed fly fishing

My dad was one of the first people to introduce fly fishing to the Bahamas. He did fishing guides for Joseph Kennedy, the father of John F Kennedy and Ernest Hemingway. When Hemingway was fishing with us, I was only seven years old. He is a likable person. In fishing, he is still an unmanned master. Instead of begging for fish bites, he automatically bites them. I learned a few things from him.
I was born in 1936 in Grand Cay, Abaco. At 8 years old, I myself became a fishing wizard. My father first let me go to the beach to be a guide for clients because I know where the fish are. Soon, he began to feel comfortable with my client out to sea, or as a young boy, I brought adult barracuda, barracuda, mackerel and tarpon in Abaco’s salt water shallow waters.
In 1968 I started a fishing hut on Andros Island – “Charlie’s Haven” (Charlie’s Haven), which I built by hand with pieces of lumber and some steel. Baseball player Ted Williams became my client. And golf champion Jack Nicklaus. Dag Hammarskjöld, the former Swedish general secretary of the UN, unfortunately, also caught fishing with me for 10 years before losing his plane. While fishing, I also serve as chef and resident musician at Lighthouse Club near Fresh Creek. I cook, fish, and use a guitar bomb Calypso minor.
One day in the late 1960s, Lynden Pindling, then Prime Minister of the Bahamas, came to Andros Island with the then Canadian Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau. They want me to take them to Northern Barracuda. I knew at the time that this time we had to catch fish.

I remembered childhood. Once my father pulled a feather from a mallard he shot and handed me the feather on the hook. I walked down the beach and immediately caught a North Barracuda with it. In the water, the lure looked like a small fish, and I realized at the time that the northern barracuda must love to eat small fish. So I used a chicken feather as the main body of the lure, eyeballing with some beads on the military license plate, and making a lure that looked exactly the same as a small fish. The next day, the two prime ministers had caught the North Barracuda, and I also invented the famous “Crazy Charlie” northern barracuda lure, a revolution that has revolutionized salt water fly fishing.
Later, I worked as a guide for two employees at a flying fishing company in California. They brought my bait back to the United States and made a different version based on the bait. I originally named the lure “Nasty Charlie,” but they later changed their name. Hundreds of different versions of Crazy Charlie now exist. This kind of bait has generated millions of dollars in revenue for the fishing industry, but I myself have never been paid anything.

I do not feel uneasy about this. I have had a very happy life. I am 78 years old and feel like a 28 year old boy. I have 15 sons and 9 daughters. If you’re only fishing, cooking and playing the piano all your life, it will be like me. Now I’m not very good looking, no longer a wizard to do the work, but I am trying to develop more effective North Pike lure.
My son and I are running a flying fishing university to teach young fly bait fishing in the Bahamas. This sport is not really part of our culture. Fly fishing costs are too high – rich people can afford to play. But young people are slowly falling in love with the sport. After flying fishing camp was opened, we not only taught them how to fly fishing, but also provided other aspects of ecotourism training, such as sea kayaking, bird watching, snorkeling and deep-sea fishing.

Our main purpose will be environmental protection. The Bahamas has an extremely rich natural resource, with the world’s third largest coral reef and a shallow sea stretching 20 miles, but we have to use it in a sustainable manner or else typical tourism consisting of hotels and cruise ships that destroy mangroves Mode, it will make all this encounter catastrophe.
We want fly fishing to take root here and also hope that the Bahamians can better manage the land so that they can truly become masters here.
Photo by Duke Wells