Mirror residential into Europe and the United States fashion

The appearance of the mirror used in high-rise buildings have become commonplace, the mirror decoration used in residential effect?

In recent years, the selection of housing appearance has undergone revolutionary changes. The development of imagination and technological progress have enriched people’s choice of building materials. More and more houses are refreshing from the point of view of appearance, such as beautiful and innovative mirror houses popular in recent years.

Simple mirror residential into a trend

For urban high-rise buildings, the towering glossy mirror is commonplace. We are also accustomed to the use of mirrors at home to transmit light, expand the sense of space and add drama. However, when modern architects choose the appearance of building materials, mirror glass has become their darling, the metal material is gradually being neglected.

Whether in rural or urban context, the appearance of the mirror has brought many subtle pleasure and unspeakable joy. They give a sense of exchange and interaction, reflect the surrounding things, capture the whirling shadow of trees, and change with sunrise, sunset and clouds. Set in the mirror, the building and the surrounding environment together, not to appear isolated and obtrusive.

The appearance of simple, mirrored houses reminiscent of Sky Mirror, an artwork by the famous contemporary sculptor Anish Kapoor, is featured in Nottingham, Kensington Gardens and New York, USA. There is also the Phillip K Smith III Desert Lodge, an antique farmhouse hut decorated with mirrored panels, half empty and semi-old, set in the Joshua Tree National Park in southern California, In an open desert.

As expected, the mirror house has become the vane of the art world. Entrusted by art collectors Michael and Olga Kagan, the American architectural firm Kieran Tim berlake designed the Pound Ridge House in 29 acres in New York State. The project was planned from the Kagan couple looking to build houses in enchanting landscapes to preserve precious art collections such as M.C. Escher’s works, with distorted graphics and fictional illusions, fascinating and psychedelic.

“We really want to build an art house,” said Michael Kagan. “The art of architecture and architecture is very much in our hearts. Since building a house takes a lot of time and energy, designing it as a great art object allows We feel worth it, otherwise, we bought a mansion directly after the financial crisis. ”

Six years ago, Kagan funded the purchase of this piece of land, and he knows it has been here for 40 years. The couple and architect Stephen Kieren have chosen a striking location surrounded by woodland. The house is divided into two separate sections, built according to the terrain, with bridges in the middle. As for exterior materials, the design team examined many options and finalized a composite that included stainless steel plates, brushed stainless steel, resin-coated copper molds, and clear glass.

“We follow nature in a broader sense, including the sky, the earth, and the passage of time,” Kieran said. “Specular reflections make the landscape different from time to weather, and unlike the permanence of the geologic environment, they fleeting. ”
The separate house forms have weakened the building’s impact on the landscape and the semi-reflective façades create the illusion of oak, maple and beech. The base of the bulk barrier and the lower threshold of the main part of the building make the building inlaid in nature. “We love watching the appearance of houses change over time and the weather, and when you move around the house, it looks different,” said the couple, Kagan. “These four materials, with their different reflective properties, More attractive. ”

Mimetic House, located in the county of Leitrim in central Ireland, was designed by architect Dominic Stevens for his good friends, artist couple Grace Weir and Joe Walker. It uses Saint-Gobain’s semi-reflective solar-control glass, which is often used for the exterior of office buildings. Housing with the emergence of green vegetation appears, but also disappeared as the terrain gap, the roof of the vegetation is also designed to be harmonious and natural.

Weir has taken possession of this piece of land for many years, has always wanted to build a new and creative house to be the second home. She introduced Stevens through a friend’s friends and skillfully designed the house for her, now the couple’s main residence. The studio is hidden in the quiet basement and can not be disturbed. The spacious and flexible large space on the ground floor allows for creation, living and party. It is a platform that can overlook the sky and look up to the sky.

“It looks like a piece of land that folds up to form a living space,” said Stevens. “But its white interior gives a secret surprise because you can not imagine sitting in the distance and sitting In which the outside world is at a glance. ”

Modern buildings are embedded in the landscape

Mirror houses appear in more cities. In London’s Highgate area, architect Dominic Mckenzie designed a modern home for the patent attorney, Sophie Rich, and her family, using a highly derelict stainless steel slab on the façade that draws attention. The mirrored walls provide a reflective screen for the nearby trees, while the overall outline illuminates the same modern street-style house. The house is named Eidolon House, which means “phantom, double image or ideal.”

“Our initial vision was to make the house ingeniously integrated with the surroundings,” said Mckenzie. “We wanted to make a green living wall, but it would be too cumbersome if the exterior was completely covered with vegetation. The highlight of the environment, and the look of the house varies according to the shape of the sunshine and the trees, it does not matter when you look at the house, it is a bit surreal and looks like a blank row of townhouses, It’s not there at all. ”

The look of the mirror offers both practicality and artistry and decorativeness. Inspired by the modernism of houses with plenty of mirrors and transparency, architect Paul Archer designed the house for his retired mother and stepfather on the verge of the Severn estuary. He also wanted to design a zero-carbon home, but soon realized that it was too hard. Archer said, “The idea of a mirror plate comes from the multiple reflections of glass in a building, and it makes the building disappear into the landscape.If you walk along the nearby path, you’ll see the house obscured by the greenery in.”

Archer designed a series of slabs for Green Orchard houses, coated with a layer of mirrored aluminum wood, with a honeycomb-like background giving the reflective pixel texture. In the summer, the flat panel can reflect the sun so as not to over-heat the room, while at night and winter, the flat panel can be used as a thermal barrier and move on the window with the help of the power mechanism to keep the room warm. The roof is also equipped with solar thermal panels.

In an apple orchard in the Italian city of Bolzano, architect Peter Pichler applies reflective glass to a new set of buildings. His clients Josef and Angela Sabine Staffler Ebner own a farmhouse here, and a castle in Appiano, Milan, to rent people for weddings and special events. They are going to build two one-bedroom houses next to the farmhouse, rented as a hotel for visitors, but worried that the two new buildings will be out of harmony with the orchard atmosphere.

Pichler designed the open-plan glass front windows for these two park lodges, together with part of the black-and-aluminum walls where the orchard views can be seen. The back of the house is protected by a glass mirror with a special UV coating to prevent birds from flying in. It adds a sense of space without expanding the size of the orchard, with the Ebner family and tourists alike. “With the beautiful surroundings around the mirror, we hid the hut,” Pichler said. “They are also buildings in orchards that use optics to expand the orchard space, a simple solution that is very special: modern architecture is placed in beautiful landscapes.”

The visual sensation that the mirror house brings makes them have the infinite charm. Located on the outskirts of Poland, Izabelin House is Marcin Tomaszewski’s second home designed for a couple who run their own sales business and their children. The two-storey home is surrounded by lush trees. The first floor’s exterior walls are covered with reflective panels that mirror the image of the nearby woods as if it were an extension of the woods, and the second floor seems to be floating in the air In general.
“The mirror resembles an extension of the forest floor, so the house merges with nature,” Tomaszewski said. “But the second-floor suspension made me like it more.” So an ordinary house with a mirror will be extraordinary, and the exterior materials of modern homes are rarely as fascinating as mirrors.

British self-built housing in Japan

Unlike Britain, self-built villas in Japan resistance, but before FT FT Asia La Fudi still completed.

Priory Cottage in Islington, London is much more than just a residential home, I really can not get out of hand; while in Japan is a strange home to strange experiences.

Priory Cottage has a special place in the history of the Financial Times as it was the home of JDF Jones, the talented editor and founder of the FT Weekend.

In the 1970s, Jones expanded the villa, which was originally built in 1798, to create a seamless three-storey villa on the front of this 18th-century brick-and-concrete building, with the back of the villa also stamped . His smug ambition is to add a sloping glass roof to the second floor of the long living room; pride is to the ground covered with Welsh black slate, small carpet in the East style to add color, so that the entire house immediately Magnificent feeling.
Later, I bought Priory Cottage from Jones, but by 2010 it was already showing the vicissitudes of life: numerous small cracks in the house crunched in the night wind, and despite careful examination, the main structure remained strong Such as rock (so many modern buildings ashamed). The joint between the villa and the stamped part seems to have started “parting ways” and the pipes also need to be overhaul.

Unfortunately, I finally decided to have only one small-sized, low-maintenance house in the UK and the “Base Camp” in Japan: My wife, Mikako Hayashi, was hired as an endodontist by Osaka University And related professors.

Farewell to Manchester’s research work, she was about to fly over Osaka when she sighed: “I miss a cry, as if a giant to the entire Japanese countryside full of rubbish.”

Urban planning is not Japan’s strengths: the tower is wantonly nestled in the fields, sprayed concrete structures in rural areas abound, and the only remaining trickle of rivers after dam construction is, ugly used car billboards are everywhere. Traditional Japanese-style huts are more and more rare. Japanese people do not like “old-style houses” and have vocalizations that old, wooden houses are not earthquake-resistant (they are not safe in the meantime).

The reasons for the continuous construction of modern residences are: the old house has to pay huge inheritance taxes and young people continue to move from the villages to the cities. However, the huge subsidies by the government are also one of the reasons. In the past few decades, many poorly-constructed houses, as well as construction companies and government departments It is also an important promoter of lusting with the politicians and working hand in glove with each other.

Japan’s houses, like cars and refrigerators, appear to have become durable consumer goods rather than stock capital. The average life expectancy of a house is only 30 years, while the average life expectancy of a house in the United States is as high as 100 years. In the United Kingdom, anyone who arbitrarily repairs a protective building (especially a historic building with a history of hundreds of years) will inevitably lead to litigation.

A few months after we were depressed, we finally found a piece of land near Osaka (fortunately, the developer had not built it yet): there was a dilapidated and dilapidated house, which was similar to the 1950s when I was on the banks of the Hull Of the kind of prefabricated shacks that Kingston upon Hull had seen on his way to school.

Is it possible to build my dream home? Still a sweet dream! We are foolishly thinking that since the local construction commission has allowed the construction of a spectacular 20-storey high rise building, it will surely open a green light to our own unique residential construction. However, local officials seem to have no interest in the aesthetic sense, but stick to the rules, a soft spot for tax collection. Their reply is: We only build a house that occupies 40% of the entire land area and can only build up to two floors. There are no restrictions on the construction of apartments owned by the Construction Commission.

Whether supervising the demolition of old houses, building garages or installing elevators for the elderly, the local construction commission will be taxed, making it extremely useful. On the other hand, the central government will give a lot of tax concessions to building new homes, saving energy and even installing handrails in bathrooms. We felt that it was reckless to build a house on our own, and we approached a large residential construction company, where the other side should be familiar with government officials and have their own architect.

We consulted with the three construction companies on the project budget and stressed the need to make full use of the local construction commission’s rules and regulations and to create the ideal living space. Yoshihisa Harima, head of Osaka at Mitsui Home, set up a dedicated team that includes architect Yoshitaka Takahashi and interior design coordinator Ryoko Kashihara. We held several full-time Japanese rendezvous sessions (2 hours each time), discussing room design from furniture and building materials, energy systems, small electrical outlets, furnishing, and specific color selection of luminaires in each room Light yellow). Japanese picky details can be described as culminating.

Officials in government departments let us not bother. I want to install dual-use cooking and baking ovens, but the Japanese people generally do not have an oven at home. The kitchen is generally equipped with three heads, instead of four stoves. Below the stove is a grilled fish area and storage area. We finally installed the largest volume (45 liters) oven. Large-capacity ovens are commonly used in restaurant kitchens.
We officially started last October. Like the British counterparts, bricklayers also love to smoke and drink tea. I have seen a bricklayer’s handbag and concrete mixers. After whispering to him, he hurried out and went straight on his handkerchief to wear the required helmet.

The Japanese have always been proud of their building quality. Housing walls are made of ceramsite concrete material, the inner cladding is configured with a thick layer of insulation, so Mitsui Construction Company threatened: winter home, the heat will not leak a little bit to melt the roof of the snow.

Our new home of 240 square meters will soon be completed – enough space to cook, eat and relax, or to relax, learn and think about it. Maybe this is not the home that we envisioned, but it is more than adequate to live in it.

IMAX theater at home?

Imax started the family Imax program at around $ 2.5 million. The first consumer from Hollywood.

Is screen size really important?

Once I had a friend living in Yorkshire, England, he was very rich, that is, those who have a private jet and appear in the rich list. Things changed, he lost all his possessions, had to move from a large manor house to a very small rented apartment, and even sold his private jet to take the bus. During that difficult time, once we met in a cafe in Leeds and when he looked back at this down-time, he said watching a movie experience was when you sat close enough to the screen – Because of his current living room is too small, the TV screen from 84 inches to 14 inches.

One day, at the invitation of Imax in Los Angeles, I met my friend. Imax is a maker of giant screens in the world’s top cinemas inviting me to exchange personal cinemas for readers like How to Spend It. Imax has launched a plan to make the family Imax giant screen at between $ 2.25 and 2.75 million. Of course also need to add other construction costs, depending on the size of the main visual cinema screen. The largest screen in this project can reach 80 feet wide and 44 feet high. There is also an entry-level Imax screen coming soon -Palais, suitable for use in small rooms. Although it is smaller than the giant screen, the dimensions are still impressive, with a minimum of $ 400,000. The first full-size Imax Private Theater (IPT) unit was in a movie star home in Beverly Hills; the other eight were ordered, seven from the United States and one from Delhi. In addition, a European guy with a yacht also want to order an IPT.

As I gazed through the huge, immersive image of the Imax demonstration screen in an industrial park near Marina del Rey, surrounded by the nine-channel stereo, there was a problem that reminds me of me That Leeds friend, that is what size Imax screen allows you to have the urge to buy it. A smaller IPT, say 20 feet, is about $ 500,000 in difference from the giant screen. The $ 500,000 difference in this space does not seem out of reach. So a customer will choose to buy a smaller Imax home theater for this difference, rather than a Imax giant screen? Or basically the effect of watching movies almost, if you are from the screen smaller section of the more words?

When I was thinking about the spread between Imax and Imax screens at Imax’s headquarters in Toronto, I felt my Yorkshire buddy’s theory worked. “He’s right, and the size of the final screen does not pose a fundamental problem,” said Larry O’Reilly, president of global sales for Imax. “The size of the screen is not important from a technical point of view, but importantly the seat The distance to the screen, the layout of the theater, and the sound effects, which is a matter of horizon.If people choose to buy Imax on a small screen are self-deception? If those relationships do exist then they are not. Necessary to buy giant screen Imax. ”

Hugh Murray, born and educated in Scotland, is Imax’s 3D expert and consultant. Hollywood director will seek his guidance when making Imax movies. However, Hugh Murray pointed out that if absolute, the size does constitute the core strengths of Imax. He said: “It is quite different to appreciate a picture of a wall filled with paintings in the gallery close enough to a smaller picture.”

Anyway, O’Reilly said, many customers come simply for the Imax’s giant screen, no matter how much they cost. “One customer wanted to buy Imax’s giant private cinema, though he had only two seats in it,” said the customer, “I want to play video games and watch movies, and I might ask a friend again.” His request was unique. “But the first IPT buyer in Beverly Hills had 44 seats in his Imax home theater. The theater’s screen is 39 feet wide and 29 feet tall – it’s already about three feet longer than a double-decker bus in London. In other areas, such as the Florida South Coast, often affected by hurricanes, where there is a high limit to buildings, or the Manhattan block of apartment buildings, a “small screen” of 18 feet by 10 feet Approximately 6 to 20 viewers can provide a panoramic experience.

I think IPT is unparalleled, whether you are using it to watch 3D, 2D, normal Blu-ray HD movies, high-definition pictures, play games or watch GoPro videos. Still, some filmmakers are skeptical about whether Imax Home Cinema can achieve as good as public cinema. So what is the essence of Imax? What can you get from IPT, which reached $ 2.25 million, especially if you have to spend more to build a larger room?

Imax originated in the 1967 Montreal World’s Fair. It was used in 1970 to make widescreen three-dimensional movies, a way of making people feel immersive. Like a widescreen stereo movie, Imax uses a curved screen, but its screen is not only large but its audiences are close enough to allow the viewer to go beyond a horizontal two-dimensional view. Imax is great for 3D movies, but not all Imax movies are 3D, though Imax still has a three-dimensional effect in 2D movies. One of the unique benefits of Imax 3D is that it allows me to experience the beauty of a 3D picture for anyone who is stereo-indistinguishable. Because it uses a system called stereotactic orthophotos, it creates a false impression of the unobtrusive brains of stereo images and imagines three-dimensional images.

Many of the movies are made with Imax’s special cameras, and world-renowned directors Robert Zemeckis, Christopher Nolan and James Cameron love using this format. NASA is also a loyal supporter of Imax, who have used Imax to produce stunning space documentaries for more than 30 years. There are over 800 Imax public cinemas worldwide, and the largest Imax screen in Darling Harbor, Sydney, has a 117-foot-wide screen and 97-foot tall screens. The newest Imax theater uses a dual laser power projector that enhances the measurement and contrast of a movie in a big cinema to create unparalleled beauty. The IPT used two 4K xenon projectors, but for those small cinemas, the measurement and contrast of the image dropped as fast as a laser.

The IPT package offered to private Imax buyers includes personalized design and on-site instruction, a nine-channel sound system, and operating instructions for specific tablet controllers. Imax is committed to making it easy and convenient for customers to use IPT with 200 Imax movies and documentaries stored on its own, plus 20T of storage for Blu-ray, DVD or other hard drive resources. Whether it’s North America or the rest of the world, IPT is the web’s cine memory, and Prima offers Blu-ray-quality films for theater cinemas that cost about $ 500 to show a movie. Private Imax Theaters are managed by Imax Network Surveillance Centers in Toronto and Shanghai throughout the entire journey, solving over 90% of the problems while dispatching repair teams to solve more serious problems in the field. IPT also offers its customers special seats (such as the D-Box Sensing Seat, which adjusts to the screen’s movement), large screens, small tables where food and drinks are placed, and adjustments to the movie’s plot and mood Light effect.

In addition, there are two other offline advantages in private Imax cinema. You can control the level of sound yourself, for example to create a deafening sound for a larger audience. Many public Imax cinema advertising noise is very noisy, but for private Imax theater this is not a problem. Another advantage of a private Imax theater is that you can adjust your seat at any time and choose the best viewing position, which is difficult or almost impossible to achieve in public cinema, even if your physical position relative to the screen enables Great impact on your viewing experience.

The future of private Imax theater

After spending more than £ 3 million on a private Imax Theater, customers may reasonably expect their technical advantage to last. Your investment will be devalued slowly? David Keighley, president of one of Imax’s meetings I met in Los Angeles, really looked forward to upgrading Imax’s computing systems until Imax’s viewers no longer needed clumsy plastic eyewear.

At the same time, he pointed out that a group of young geniuses at Imax’s lab are now fighting at the Academy of Motion Picture Arts at the University of Southern California, trying to make the images and sounds in the movies more realistic. The presence of IPT not only means that you have this new, unique identifier of status as you watch 3D movies at home. However, you have to admit that it is not bad as a sign of status.

Let the “algorithm” help you to improve efficiency

We all had a hectic but unfulfilled day. What can be learned from the principle of computer solutions? The answer is that we can at least interrupt ourselves.

Computer scientists – Can anyone who studies the principles of computers and programming help solve human problems, for example, too much to do and not enough time available?
Here’s a proposition made in a new book, Algorithms to Live By, by Brian Christian and Tom Griffiths. This is an idea that is attractive to any economist. We tend to think of day-to-day decisions as a branch of applied mathematics, as well as computer science.
To be precise, the use of computer science and the use of computers are not the same thing. Computing scientists have devoted decades to solving problems such as organizing information, prioritizing, and networking. Many of the algorithms they developed for computers are also applicable to humans. After all, the algorithm is not a computer program, but a structured step-by-step method, similar to a “cookbook.” (The term “algorithm” was named after the 9th century Persian mathematician Al-Khwārizmī, but existed thousands of years before his research.)
So, what is the best recipe for completing a to-do list? Maybe easier than you think: Doing things on the list in any order, because the total time spent last is the same. This is a somewhat talented suggestion, but it seems to suggest that computer science can never inspire us when we have too much work to do and feel stressed and confused.

Or I used to think so. Then I read a paper published by computer scientist Peter Denning in 1970 that described a problem computers might encounter when working with multithreading. Most computers actually can not really multithreaded; instead, as humans do, they quickly switch from one thing to another. The computer quickly switches between tasks such as updating Pokémon games on your screen, downloading more videos from the web, checking if you have tapped the keyboard or moved the mouse, and many other processes. But even computers can not do unlimited work at the same time, and once a certain limit is reached, a disaster can happen.
The problem stems from the use of accessible “caches” to store data. Think of it as “caching”: Imagine a pianist playing two or three pages of music in front of her. These scores are stored in the highest speed cache. There are other notations behind the score, which will be read in a moment. In addition there is a larger but slower cache: the score on the bench, the more upright scores on the attic and the more on the music store. There is a trade-off between information storage and read speed.

If the pianist plays only one complete piece of music at a time, there is no problem with this setup. However, if she is asked to change a tune every minute or so, she will take some time to remove the score on the piano stool. If she had to change a song every few seconds, she would not be able to play; all of her time would have been used to change the score on the music stand and in the stool.
This is the same as the computer’s cache: There is a hierarchy – from the microprocessor’s own super-speed memory, down to hard drive (slow) and off-site backup (very slow). To speed up, the computer must copy the data needed for the current task to the cache. If the task is toggled too frequently, the machine uses all the time to copy the data of one task to the cache, then toggles the task, clears the cache, and deposits the new content. In the limit, nothing can be done. Tanin described this regrettable state as “thrashing.”

We all had nothing to do except one, and switching from one task to another was virtually impossible. Can we learn from the computer solution? The most straightforward way is to change to a larger cache; unfortunately, it is easier for computers than humans.

The obvious alternative is to reduce task switching. Computers use “interrupt coalescing” techniques, which combine multiple small tasks together. A shopping list helps avoid unnecessary trips to and from the store many times. You can also put the bills together and deal with them every month.
But we often find it hard to switch from one task to another. One reason why computer science believes this agony is that there is a trade-off between quick response and a chunk of time to increase productivity. If you want to reply to your boss’s mail within 5 minutes, you must check the mail at least every 5 minutes. If you want to quit the net for a week to write a novel, then your response time must be slowed down to a week.
Any solution should recognize this trade-off. Determine an acceptable response time, and then interrupt their work accordingly. If you think there is no problem with replying to a message within 4 hours (no problem with most criteria), you only have to check the email every 4 hours instead of every 4 minutes. As Christiane and Griffiths suggest, decide how you want to respond. If you want to do a good job, do not exceed the response standard.

 

Why Tokyo real estate prices do not rise

House prices in San Francisco rose 231% over the past two decades, London surged 441% and Tokyo rates grew only 45% in 20 years. Tokyo is how to do it?

What surprised us was the upheaval of the house next door. We knew it was a vacant house, the weeds in the mossy garden kept skyrocketing, and the curtains upstairs had never been opened. However, one day after a paper announcement, the hydraulic excavator set the house apart. By the end of next year, a 16-room apartment block will be built here.
Overnight, we live close to a construction site in Tokyo. This is not fun at all. Work site 6 days a week. If in London, Paris or San Francisco, will certainly lead to anger residents protest – a petition, warned the district no longer features, and may even make one or two lawsuits. The local election is defeated by the reduction of support from voters, and so on.
However, in our community, local residents are collectively silent. Something in the conversation with Takahiko Noguchi, director of Minato ward Planning Bureau, in Tokyo, explains why: “Japanese law does not restrict housing demolition.” He said: “Residents have the right to freely dispose of their own real estate. Therefore, residents of the district have no right to stop their development and utilization.”

Here are some incredible facts: In 2014, the total population was 13.3 million. In Tokyo, there were a total of 142,417 newly-started housing units with no vacant construction sites, exceeding the number of permits for housing construction in California (83,657) and surpassing that of the entire UK The total population of 54.3 million) the number of new starts (137,010).

The steady rise in housing starts in Tokyo is closely linked with the more unusual facts. In sharp contrast with the skyrocketing prices in western metropolitan cities, Tokyo’s housing prices have basically taken the strides. Outrageous housing prices have caused the abnormal development of Western cities: the chances of young people being opposed to the elderly, the richer wealthy, and deprived of talent flocking to good jobs.
This is not the result of a declining population. Like other countries, Japan has also experienced a wave of “return to the city.” Located in the center of Tokyo, with an area of 20 square kilometers and a huge amount of money, the total population has increased from 145,000 to 241,000 in the past 20 years, an increase of about 100,000 with a substantial increase of 66%.

In San Francisco, a total area of 121 square kilometers, an increase of about 100,000 in the past 20 years (the total population increased from 746,000 to 865,000), an increase of 12%. However, housing prices in San Francisco and London jumped 231% and 441% respectively in the past 20 years. While the population in Tokyo’s port area increased only 45% in 20 years, most of the increases were still carried out by the Bank of Japan in 2013 Due to massive monetary stimulus.
There is no annoying price hike in the streets of Tokyo because property prices have not seen much growth over the years. Buy or rent a house is not a big event in life. On the contrary, the Japanese government has continuously delivered more properties to the nation with steady improvement in quality and location.

In many countries, urban housing has evolved into the most significant social and economic issue of our time. (If more Britons move to the capital, London, will they still vote in favor of Brexit?) Therefore, it is necessary for us to study in depth why Tokyo has made such a remarkable achievement and why housing prices are maintained under the continued availability of housing Basically unchanged and can learn from what lessons.
Like most Japanese agencies, Japanese urban planning initially fully borrowed from the Western model. “Our plans are very much the same as in the United States,” said Junichiro Okata, a professor of urban engineering at the University of Tokyo.
According to different functions, the city is divided into commercial area, industrial area and residential area. Business district can be built according to the wishes of the owners themselves: One of the best things about Tokyo is the continuous construction of high-rise apartment blocks in the industrial area around Tokyo Bay. However, in low-rise residential areas, there are strict restrictions on the construction of housing, it is difficult to obtain re-planning authority.
Under the zoning plan, the landowner has a lot of power. In fact, the Japanese constitution provides that “ownership of or possession of property is sacrosanct.” Private developers can not force landlords to sell land; nor can local governments prevent individuals from developing land. If you want to build a front decorative pink shell imitation gothic castle, is entirely your own final say

In California’s coastal cities, zoning plans have paralyzed urban construction and unsustainable supply of new homes as existing owners have prevented further development. This is exactly the same as Tokyo in the 1980s.
“In the 1980s, Japan’s housing prices caused a huge bubble due to speculation. The situation is even worse than that of London and New York in the same period. Many Japanese economists condemned the planning and zoning policies in unison, referring to their role as the chief culprits in reducing housing supply Culprit. “André Sorensen, a professor of geography at the University of Toronto, said he wrote a great deal about Japan’s planning policies.
However, it was the real estate bubble of the 1980s that laid the foundation for future housing developments in Tokyo’s downtown area, said Hiro Ichikawa, a consultant for Mori Building real estate companies in Japan. After the property market crashed, developers only had high-priced office block plots that no one was interested in at that time.
In the 1990s, non-performing loans from real estate developers put the Japanese financial institutions on the verge of collapse. As a result, the government relaxed the property development policy and eventually ended up with the Urban Renaissance Law in 2002. The law gave a green light to the zoning plan. Office block re-planning for the residential area. “To help rejuvenate the economy from the bubble, the Japanese government has relaxed regulation of urban development,” said Ichikawa. “Thanks to the initial bubble in the property market, Tokyo will be just as helpless as London and San Francisco now.”
Aisles and public lands are not included in the condominium floor area, resulting in the higher condominium building being built within the existing zoning. The motion under discussion now allows owners to rebuild larger houses provided they have to demolish their former Earthquake standard construction of houses.

The law, which is implemented from the top down by the Central Government, allowing owners to demolish their old homes means they can quickly benefit from them. “Both the city planning law and the building law are set by the central government – even tiny details are written into national laws,” Okada said. “Local governments have little say in housing development.”
“We will not be able to protect our lives without the earthquake,” said Noguchi. “This reflects the mainstream view in Japanese society that all buildings are ready for immediate use and are easily dismantled,” Tokyo said. Another essential difference between cities. “There are still lots of old buildings in Tokyo that can increase the floor area ratio.”
Continued reconstruction is well explained why so many new housing starts in Tokyo: the net increase in housing is lower than in the past. But just like my neighbors, reconstruction usually increases residential density.
But all this has to pay the price, not the financial expenditure, and other forms of “honor.” In a nutshell, the modern Japanese cities, including Tokyo, are often overwhelmed by the visual effects of no unified coordination of the buildings, leaving little room for them. “High-quality buildings” often mean “good seismic performance” ‘.
Some of the more distant dystopian apartment buildings in Tokyo are comparable to industrial-based Siberia. Imitation Gothic Castle is not a whimsical thing: You may wish to visit the Emperor Valentine’s Hotel that is opposite Meguro Canal. The most disappointing than the suburbs of Tokyo, row after row of cheap wooden activity room.
“Japan’s planning system is completely arbitrary, and it really advocates doing nothing; and the Japanese planning system is centralization and standardization, which means it can flexibly respond to social and economic changes,” Okada said.

“On the other hand, Japan is not so good at duplicating a particular town in a particular country as it is, and it can not build a charming city like Britain or Europe.” Okada hoped the central government could significantly decentralize the local government.
However not entirely. At this level of private housing, if you “turn a blind eye” on your neighbors’ house, then Tokyo is full of innovation and beauty. Since Japanese architects are free to build houses, it is no accident that the country continues to have Pritzker Prize winners.
Japan’s urbanization – “scramble” pedestrian crossings, narrow streets, densely populated and unusually developed public transport, will undoubtedly become a model for Asia and the world over.
The most important thing is: Tokyo is fair again. The ugly building houses both the poor and the rich as well as the low-rent houses. In London and San Francisco, the beauty is shared by everyone, only some are in the slums to appreciate it, while others are indulgently pampered in the mighty luxury plane.
Robin Harding is the FT’s Tokyo office president

To the island can not find the map to travel

From the Caribbean Sea to the East Coast of Africa, European and American high-end tourism organizations develop their tourism economy and marine protection in two ways.

Dhofar Harbor: the pristine sea of ​​silence

Salalah is a port city in southern Oman. It is a low-lying, coastal settlement that has provided the Dhofar people with a rich source of food for centuries and facilitated tourism and business contacts. The ancient port Khor Rori ruins 40 km from Salalah, the legendary “Old Testament” in the Bible, Queen Simba ship loaded with spices here parked here is a story of Oman period has spread so far. Now that the natural harbor is deserted, the sandy embankment cuts it off from the sea, where only archaeologists gently wipe away the dust from the monuments.

Relics face the Indian Ocean. The northern shelf has a continental shelf on the north coast, and the continental shelves here are steep, with vast submarine plains, valleys and deep dikes forming underwater cliffs a few kilometers above the coastline. Behind the ruins stands a 1000-meter-high cliff that forms part of Dhofar Mountain. Thanks to the abundant rainfall brought by the Indian Ocean monsoon in the summer season, it begins at the end of July each year and has two months of trees here. The wind brings surface water vapor to the surface of the sea, exchanges it with cold water deep in the ocean floor, the sea turns green, the sea is well-nourished, algae flourish, flocks of fish, and large predators like sharks, dolphins and whales Come together

These rich sea creatures are hidden in coral reefs near the little-known Al Hallaniyat islands. In 1986, the islands were recognized as a National Nature Reserve by the World Conservation Union (IUCN). “It has a wild beauty that you can see in dying dolphins, and if you put on your mask and put your head in the water you can see countless fish swimming around.” Muriya Region Development Director Philip Jones said. “We’re going to do our due diligence and take protective measures such as dividing the area and parking the buoys to prevent the coral from being destroyed.” British marine biologist Rob Baldwin, who has been working in Oman since 1988, said the project will allow local tourism Sparkling “The Dhofar coast and the Al Hallaniyat archipelago make up the most primitive marine environment on earth, where any travel and adventure should carefully consider the impact on the local environment. It is seldom possible to find a sea like this, How bad. ”

Tourists take the lead in marine environmental protection

When I first came to Dhofar, we camped on the land near the ruins of Khor Rori, with no sign of human presence on the coast. On a sand-sheltered beach, we slept on the sand dunes with rugs and cushions. In my thin, black tasselled camel hair tent, I heard waves crashing into the beach and seabirds. Get up and swim each morning, but I miss the landscape below: Hundreds of humpback whales, isolated for 70,000 years, live in the dead end of the ocean. Spring I will go back to find them. Baldwin was my guide, introduced to me by Sean Nelson, co-founder of Hud Hud Travels. Hud Hud Travels is a local high-quality travel company in Oman and it was my first visit to the Middle East. Nelson’s new company, Nelson Expeditions, will take quite a few trips to places not found on the map. Whenever possible, Nelson’s well-organized team travels from Mongolia to Central Africa and members face a wide range of issues, from poaching to distressed marine environments. In Oman, the project includes exploring the underwater area and looking for humpback whales with Baldwin. Customer money will be used for environmental projects such as Oman Environmental Association, Wildlife Conservation Society and other charities.

“Last time we saw whales, they were less than 100 meters off the coast, and we were standing on the beach looking into the mouth of a humpback whale,” Nelson said. “It’s hard to imagine even this kind of luck, and Dhofar’s rock protects humpback whales, but the South Oman Sea provides the spawning ground for green turtles and red sea turtles, the most amazing thing in this country. Oman is desert, and in fact it is all a gift from the sea. ”

 

 

How to prevent colds in high-intensity exercise

People know long ago that regular and modest exercise is one of the healthiest things. Studies have shown that trained athletes have increased levels of anti-infective “natural killer cells” in their body. However, people who practice endurance may know that hard training for events such as cycling or marathon may cause you to have a head-cold or other upper-respiratory infection (URTI).

Right now, I’m dealing with suspicious pain in my throat, a warning sign that I may have had an upper respiratory tract infection. My strange thing is: how to exercise and sweating a lot easier to get sick it?

Researchers David Nieman came to some surprising results by tracing 2311 participants from the 1987 Los Angeles Marathon: 12.9% of the participants reported unwell during the week following the match Compared with 2.2% of runners who did not participate in the competition.

One of Niemann’s findings is that prolonged intensive exercise can make an athlete’s immune system respond as if he were fighting inflammation. After running the marathon, the athletes’ stress hormones, as well as the anti-inflammatory cytokines called neutrophils and monocytes, rose sharply.

In addition, other studies have found that the human mucosal system (the moist parts of the mouth, nose and eyes) produces a substance called “secreted immunoglobulin A” (SIgA), which is the body’s resistance to pathogens such as cold and flu The first line of defense.

However, after a sustained amount of exercise, studies show that the level of SIgA decreases. The study said: “There is a consensus that the drop in SIgA levels in saliva during high-intensity exercise is linked to an increased risk of respiratory infections.”

Every mother has their own favorite method of treating colds, but here are some scientific evidence of treatment.
One of the most studied cold remedies is mineral zinc, which has been shown to inhibit the replication of rhinoviruses, the culprit of about 40% of all flu. In the 2014 edition of the Journal of the American Medical Association, “oral zinc is associated with shorter duration of common cold in healthy people.” However, other studies show conflicting results.

George Eby, a US researcher who discovered that zinc is good for the flu, argues that the main reason is that only positively charged zinc ions have an anti-infective effect. Therefore, athletes should take tablets containing zinc acetate or zinc gluconate instead of the usual zinc citrate.

According to a 2013 Cochrane Review data, the much touted vitamin C usually fails to prevent a cold-though it may have some benefits for high-intensity exercisers.
Another recently studied nutritional supplement is a green algae called chlorella. A relatively small study found that those taking chlorella during high intensity training did not experience the same reduction in SIgA as other athletes.

Finally, a very simple and effective method of control is mouthwash. This method is very common in Japan and not so common in North America or Europe. A randomized controlled trial in Japan showed that the incidence of respiratory infections was significantly lower among people who gargled multiple times a day. The most effective mouthwash is running water, rather than the market can see a variety of medicinal mouthwash, the most likely reason is that chlorine added to drinking water can inhibit the virus.

Chinese buildings in the eyes of Dutch photographers

Iwan Baan, a Dutch photographer who visited China for 10 times a year, this time attending the Shenzhen-Hong Kong Biennale for the first time. In early December 2015, in the old flour mill building next to Shekou Port Ship, Ivan took pictures of her on mobile phones and placed Instagram on trips around the world, being printed on a piece of cloth that is as high as a wall. Hang like a curtain Next to each photo is a number of likes and comments.

Ten years ago, Rem Koolhaas, the chief architect of the Metropolitan Building Institute, saw Ivan’s “interactive panoramic photography” and invited him to Beijing to shoot his new CCTV building. Dutch documentary photographer Ivan began his first major creative project. Almost the same period, he also started a project with the “Bird’s Nest” at the Beijing Olympic Stadium, commissioned by Herzog-D-Mellon Architects.

Although Ivan was awarded the Julian Schulman Prize, the highest award in the architectural photography world, and the architectural design of various countries, such as Zaha Hadid, Ito Tomosu, Wang Shu, and Steven Holl The division maintained long-term cooperation and was commented by the media as “redefining architectural photography” but he did not like to be called a “building photographer”: “If the light is a shoot, the film may be shot with the sunset light Come, but in my footage, construction is just an integral part of the photo. ” His uniqueness is the interpretation of architectural photography into documentary photography, showing the human environment throughout the world contact person.

While filming a new CCTV building, Ivan remembered that there were 10,000 construction workers on the site at that time. “It is hard to imagine in the West.” Ivan knew through translation that all the workers came from small hamlets in the field and that it was only for a few years that Beijing came to Beijing for work. At the time, Ivan was hoping to go home with some workers to record their lives. “I think it’s hard to imagine living completely alienated from everything I know in an alien environment.” When I first came to China, Ivan was amazed at the number of construction workers and the number of cities under construction. “It is hard to see such a large-scale and high-speed construction elsewhere in the world, which makes me want to take pictures to reflect on what other cities in the world will look like in the next few decades.” It is only later that the practical difficulty is still Ivan gave up.

Whether it is a new CCTV building in Beijing or a new residential area in Africa, Ivan needs to ask: “Why exactly this city needs such a construction project?” Two years ago, Iwan had been to Urumqi for filming , He was deeply impressed by the notion that “the traditional building that has been preserved for hundreds of thousands of years has been stolen as a ‘dangerous building’ and was quickly demolished and replaced by a distinctive generic building complex.” For today While 99% of China’s urban buildings are dejected to be designed with unimaginative GM buildings, Ivan agrees with China’s embrace of new projects by architects and regards it as “a long-term perspective”: ” When Chinese cities most need this kind of imagination of architecture, the Chinese government has commissioned a number of international architects in time to work in. Even though architects lack the style of extremists, after all, they are all playing creatively imagination.”

Meanwhile, Ivan marvels at the execution of construction projects in cities in China. It has been 10 years since I took part in the urban construction in China. Ivan and his western friends witnessed “something that could only be achieved in China.” In China, some policymakers have said that such a building should be in this place or Someone who has enough money and power to do what he says is done is very interesting to us because of the close relationship between such power and the efficiency of the building.Like large projects such as CCTV and Bird Nest in the West It is absolutely impossible to build a project because after the project plan came out, there will be hundreds and thousands of individuals and groups to intervene in the name of different interests, so that the project will gradually be overthrown.

Ivan was inspired by the diversity of Chinese architecture that used to be in the past: different regions have their own architectural style that is interdependent on the local nature of climate, materials, etc., “but these are all erased.” He had filmed patio courtyard in Henan Province, Fujian Tulou and Huizhou buildings. About eight years ago, Ivan met Chinese architect Wang Shu at a group of Chinese architects in New York. Despite the language barrier at that time, Ivan relied on gesture gestures to communicate immediately and Ivan immediately recognized a familiar sense of urgency from Wang’s work: he saw it as a conscious attempt to combine traditional Chinese architecture with contemporary architecture The concept of a combination of architects. The two began to cooperate. Before and after participating in the Shenzhen-Hong Kong Biennale, Ivan originally planned to make creative works throughout the Pearl River Delta. Unfortunately, he finally gave up due to “time and financial constraints.” Ivan also has a plan to film “villages in cities” throughout China and is awaiting implementation.

Challenge Devil Desert Marathon

Oman Desert Marathon, 6 days, the entire 165 km. I carry all my personal belongings, running at 40 degrees under the full temperature

“Crazy place – you can hit crazy people,” says Italians Dino Bonelli, smiling all the time. He is my longtime partner in tents. He refers to “madman” as myself and he and about 75 other contestants. The “crazy place” is located in the hinterland of the Oman Desert. From Bidiyah to the Arabian Sea for a total of 6 days and a total of 165 kilometers (about 102 miles) of race, we have run halfway through all of our personal belongings and traversing the soft desert. Can not deny that this is crazy.
The third Oman Desert Marathon kicked off in early November with villagers in Bidiyah wearing white robe and sword and iPhones in their waits to perform a symbolic dance for us. We then started running, carrying a luggage around the highway ran about 100 meters into the desert. Ten minutes later, they completely left the village of Bidiyah and ran deep into the desert, leaving them completely isolated for the next six days.
I ran fairly stable for the first 10 kilometers. My rucksack is heavy, but they are designed to be pretty delicate, so they have little effect on the road. I tried my best to get to the first service point, where I added water to the kettle.
At this time the sand in the desert has become the kind of sand like a British beach. For weeks, I’ve been telling my associates that the real situation will not be like today. I myself had imagined running on dry and hard roads that had been repeatedly rolled by cars or sunbaked for a long time. I do not think there will be a match on such a soft sand. But after the first service point, we entered the sand dunes, the sand road much harder than before. It’s about the same as crossing a dune in England, but the sand dunes are taller and the sun is more sinister, squeezing itself like a vice, as if turning your spirit and your meat a little bit.

As a veteran who ran six marathon races, I watched my friend take part in extreme sports. With the popularity of marathon racing (now almost normal), the so-called “extreme” race is everywhere. Nowadays, new extreme vacations emerge as the result of the annual extreme events (50 miles long run or even 100 miles long run or bike race and even more horrific Triathlon events) – during vacations Wandering thousands of miles before going to competition. Many races are then using the lottery system to cope with the crowd of competitors. The Oman Desert Marathon was established shortly after the first event was held in 2013, compared to the marathon des sables of nearly 15,000 Moroccan sub-Sahara hellies.
I was deeply attracted by this event, not just because it tested the physical limits, but can spend a week crossing the desert, far away from the earthly noise, enjoy selflessly experience, and they need to always respond to the desert environment instead of dangerous 4 Stroke cars or riding camels comfortably through the desert. Dr Eric Brymer once said: Being able to experience nature rather than looking at nature is one of the most common motivations for getting into extreme sports. “Event finders have a deep understanding of their potential,” he said. “So they have a better understanding of themselves.” Dr. Eric R Bremer is a professor of sports and exercise at Manchester Metropolitan University Science teacher, at the same time is the study of extreme physical and mental health researcher.

I also hope that after completing the extreme events, I will be able to find out more about myself and have a better understanding of myself. But I am still a long way to go.
I keep thinking hard of hard sandy land coming up soon, but turning over an undulating sand dune, I find it softer. On the first day of the 21-kilometer stage approaching the finish line, I almost walked on and off, but even then it was extremely difficult. In spite of this, no one caught up with me during this period, so I decided that the other players should take their own course of action.

After the end of the camp, the camping site has been set up: the large tent of the Berber is wide open. Our daily supper is fixed, in a week, each also slowly established friendship. For many people, this is where the charm of these events lies. I found most roommates are Italians. In addition, my fellow sufferers include the mother of a Premier League player, a Belgian bioengineer, a cheerful South African and a British soldier. I fell asleep in the shade of the tent and fell asleep, deeply delighted to complete my first stage myself and pinned hope that it could be hard sand tomorrow.
However, the next two days, Sha Road, no change, the third day remains the same. In fact, every day the stage is undulating soft dunes. The flags mark the direction, but sometimes they are too far apart from each other and seem to feel like they will never get through. When we ran to the flagpole inserted in the top of the sand dune, we suddenly found the next flag in the distance. We continued to work hard to move the steps, where we could run and where we could not run. The worst thing is that the sand looks hard, so he started to run, but the result was stepped on soft sand, at this time the thigh did not listen to it. This happens one after another.Gradually, I learned how to distinguish the sandy, which is the pile of hard sand. Containing gravel indicates that the sand is harder and camel footprints are also good markers. Camel seems to know how to cross the sand dunes with the best route.
Every day, we consume more and more of freeze-dried food and protein, and the backpack on our body becomes lighter and lighter. Although it is a trick to pack as much caloric food as possible in a small backpack, it’s hard to reconcile with the type of food and taste.

After finishing the fourth day, I seem to adapt to all this. The fifth day of the race is the longest period, up to 26 miles 385 yards (about 42.2 km), exactly the same as the marathon. Before the game, we stood in a circle around the tent, and the organizers read the names of the top 20 players so far. These players will start late two hours, I am also among them.
I am proud to be sitting in the elite player’s camp. After we waved goodbye to other players, we returned to the tent for final preparations: filling the kettle with water, replenishing the electrolyte, treating blisters on the feet, applying sunscreen and wrapping the leggings (to prevent the shoes from entering the sand). The air filled with tension, the real contest began. The leading male runners are Moroccans and Jordanians, who adapted to the desert environment from an early age, although the leading female runner was Swede Elisabet Barnes, who is also the winner of this year’s Sahara Desert hell marathon in Morocco. When I asked her the recipe for her success, she smiled and replied: “There are tips and tricks on running in the sand.” But apparently clutching at this time is no longer viable. The fifth day of the game started!

Living fast group also have negative factors. I soon left behind, form a single film only; This is the night run stage, because I fell to the last, so the police opened a police car all the way to guard.
This is the desert world in my imagination picture book: scorpions, snakes and camels, windy sand dunes and blowing heat waves. But the only “ghost scene” is the ghost soup that the organizers give us every day: the subsequent stages will be easier to run; in fact, the degree of difficulty will be more and more day by day. Before the start of the fifth day of the race, the organizers said that the track after 10 km would be a hard sand road. However, the sand surface is getting softer and softer, just like quicksands swallowing their feet. As night fell, I was still gritting. I can not tell if there’s uphill or downhill in front of me, just using the dim light of the headlights. The slower I run, the more I curse the organizers’ nonsense. At this point I see what gas is not hit one to come – whether it is a scrub thigh shrubs have been very dim or solar stage lights.

But to complete stage, I have to cheer myself. I kept talking to myself and encouraged myself to run, but it did not work. My mind has hit back, has been uninterested. However, this is exactly what the ultimate challenge means – that’s why we are participating in this event. I stopped and looked up at the sky full of stars, boosting my spirits again and listening to my breath.
I only persist now, the time, rankings and even the end are thrown Cloud Nine, in order to move forward step by step. Suddenly, I began to set foot on the journey, concentrate on the headlights shining on the ground, small aperture swinging up and down, shaking water in the kettle is like a rhythmic drum inspired me. Work hard pays off, I finally reached the finish line.
Back to the tent rest, time has passed midnight. Dino and Englishman Rob saw me exhausted, helping me to take off my shoes and fill my kettle before I got into my sleeping bag. I am grateful to this.
A while ago, I was in the heat of summer and spent 3 hours and 17 minutes running a marathon on a 5,500-foot dusty trail in Kenya. But today, the same distance I took as long as 7 hours and 35 minutes.
An Italian player took 10 hours to finish the stage difficult to return to the tent, accidentally stepped on the scorpion again. Fortunately, the scene doctor timely rescue, he can return to the team to participate in the final stage of the early morning of the next day.
What are we going to limit game charts? In the 6-day schedule, this issue continues to linger in my mind. Nick Mead, a veteran of the Extreme Marathon, has said he has participated because he is too comfortable and comfortable in his modern life and he longs for a bigger life challenge.
“Once I ran the marathon within three hours,” he said, “I need a new challenge, and I do not seem to run faster than I did. Limit racing is more of an adventure, running alone in the dark, It is the most thrilling. ”
Ian Corless, the talk-pod creator at Talk Ultra, said he “escalated” from Triathlon to the Extreme Marathon. “When someone asked me why I no longer participated in the Iron Man,” he said, “I replied: ‘I no longer have a sense of fear.’ I know I have the ability to complete the race, I need to constantly exceed the feeling of self-extreme. Challenging uncharted territory and saying “Wow, I really did it!” All done after finishing her first marathon, but full of passion.

Among my companions who joined me in the Oman Desert Marathon, there was a German lady named Gudrun Dautel, 65 years old. After the first day I found out she was Is exhausted, so asked her to join the reason. She replied: “I did not think I had such a happy family.”
At this time, her 68-year-old husband, Hansmartin, also interjected: “Because we have a happy family.”
In fact, everyone I ask has the same reason in my heart: there is a need to go beyond the realm of everyday life, into the inner world, and to take on challenges.
“I still feel good after returning home,” said Meade. “On the first night after I got home, I slept in bed after a hot shower and looked at the neat sheets – feeling super enjoyment. Thankful.”
The finish line for the Oman Marathon is at the beach. After 6 days of trekking in the desert, throwing backpacks and plunging into the gentle countryside of the sea, you know that these events have no chance of being with yourselves anymore. Until one day, you once again started the crazy idea of ​​entering the competition. Back to the tent rest, Dino already had a new plan.
Jad Harnaud Finn is the author of “The Way of the Runner,” book published by Faber & Faber.
Next year’s Oman Desert Marathon is scheduled for November 4-12. For more information, see seelawrenceofarabia.com website. If each player can raise £ 2,500 for Facing Africa (facingafrica.org), the organizing committee will refund € 1,200 for the event. Facing Africa is a charitable organization that specializes in the surgical treatment of disfigured African children suffering from stirrup.

What is pottery, what is porcelain?

Ma Jidong: China first mastered porcelain technology. The formation of the porcelain pattern in the world today is gradually evolving from the late Ming Dynasty

Often heard friends around asked, pottery and porcelain in the end what is the difference?
In the Chinese context, “pottery” and “porcelain” are often fixed phrases that accompany each other. Therefore, in most people’s minds, all the calcined soil can be collectively referred to as “ceramics.”
More than 20,000 years BC, the statue of a god of love in the Lower Vist nichtsky area of ​​the Czech Republic and a large bowl in a fairy-tale cave in Jiangxi Province of China – two seemingly irrelevant objects and thousands of miles away Because of a mysterious magnetic field of life and associated. The human ancestors, by chance, occasionally sharpen their rough hands with stone tools and shape them into grit-bound clay. Occasionally, they throw the muddy clay into the campfire at seven or eight degrees Celsius, curiously From the ashes, we have hardened the hardened earth lumps, drenched the water and rattled loud and clear – the pottery that affected the process of human development was accidentally born.
Into the Neolithic era, quiet years of pottery suddenly appeared in every corner of the world, unknown source, but open branches and leaves. The ancient tribes in East Asia, West Asia, North Africa, Eastern Europe and South America all gradually fired pottery. In a tacit understanding, the scope was gradually expanded. The existence of pottery was not only a qualitative change in natural minerals, but also a qualitative change in human nature’s transformation of nature.

Furthermore, pottery collected by rivers and streams, stringing together the history of ancient civilizations throughout the world.
From six or seven thousand BC to one thousand BC, from the Hemudu culture in the lower reaches of the Yangtze River and Yangshao culture in the upper and middle reaches of the Yellow River to the Sumerian dynasties in the Euphrates and Tigris rivers, the kingdom of ancient Babylon, the Assyrian empire, The ancient Egyptian dynasties, the Aegean civilizations on the Greek islands, and the Etruscan civilization on the Italian Peninsula – the pottery that portrayed and painted colors all play a decisive role. Their influence lasted for decades.

Two to three years BC, since the mankind as a whole into the Bronze Age, ceramic pottery gradually fade out of the central stage of history, and ultimately only to retain the basic functions of life tools. All ancient countries follow this rule, except in China alone. The wisdom of Huang Zi people, on the basis of pottery, to create a global trade pattern about thousands of years of new products.
Around the first year of the AD, in the Eastern Han Dynasty, in Shangyu, Zhejiang Province, China, “upgraded” pottery with a more delicate carcass and a more rigid texture appeared. Their firing temperature exceeded 1000 degrees Celsius and was two to three times higher than ordinary pottery More crucially, the surface of the vessel was covered with a layer of blue glass enamel, a glamorous glitter – porcelain made in China has since come out.
From Tao to porcelain across, in addition to the higher temperature of the heat, glaze is also crucial role. Glaze, in fact, is silicate, quartz, feldspar and other mineral mixed, after grinding, water coated on the surface of the tire after baptism, the case of high temperature melting, the formation of glassy cooling protective layer. The earliest Chinese people mastered this kind of products, dust-proof, anti-corrosion, easy to clean glazing decoration technology, described as a huge leap in the history of human technology.
Three Kingdoms Southern and Northern Dynasties, porcelain firing temperature continues to rise to 1200 degrees, the glaze technology has also been improved to the Tang Dynasty, has been able to burn nearly white porcelain Xingyao porcelain; to the Song Dynasty, porcelain burning industry unprecedented prosperity, the category Diversified, decorated rich, official, Columbia, Ru, Jun, set five famous kilns, plus built kiln, Longquan kiln, Cizhou kiln, Yaozhou kiln, kiln and other famous Kiln products, north and south, flowers bloom.
In the Yuan Dynasty, on the basis of high temperature and glazing, the last important distinction between pottery and porcelain came into being finally – kaolin, the clay raw material produced only in Jingdezhen, possessed the qualities of exquisiteness, plasticity and Fire resistance, which is also directly for the Yuan, Ming and Qing dynasties successively fired blue and white, multicolored, pastels, bucket color, monochrome glaze porcelain and other fine varieties laid an important foundation.
Later, in the late Ming and early Qing dynasties, the Japanese pirates intercepted the Silk Road on the Sea and the trade deficits with China of the Netherlands, Spain and Germany all accelerated the outflow of porcelain technology. After two or three hundred years of replication, improvement, innovation, and ultimately the formation of today’s world porcelain pattern.

American elite and Asian students

Influenced by the civil service examination system of more than 2000 years in China, many Asians have been infused with the concept of “all things are inferior but high in reading”. This also leaves many Asian parents who hope to change their fate by studying.
Flushing, a gathering of Chinese in New York City, has a wide variety of tutorial schools where patrons are not only Asian students, but also all kinds of ethnic students who are attracted to them for a short period of time to improve their scores.
“Chinese-style tutoring allows me to improve my score in a fraction of a second, with immediate results,” said a Hispanic student.
In New York, the most famous public high school is the Stuyvesant High School in Upper Manhattan. The high school was voted the 2016 National Best Public High School Honor in recent selection by Niche, a school research institution.

This is a special high school which, in short, is a public high school that requires admission to the exam. This school is the favorite school for many parents because there is a high probability of being admitted to other famous schools such as “Ha Yepu” (collectively for Harvard, Yale and Princeton).
“As long as Steven Vinson goes, it’s equivalent to one foot in the Ivy League school,” said one parent of the Stuyvesant student.

An interesting phenomenon is that 70% of the students in this school are Asian students, of whom Chinese are the majority. Inside Stuyvesantang High School, you’ll find the mini-theater and the classrooms filled with images of the presidents of the United States, echoing the Chinese-language newspaper in the window and the ping pong table in the open space.
Chinese elements have become the characteristics here. She is also a Chinese president now, and she was the first generation of American immigrants born in Beijing and grew up in Shanghai – Zhang Jie. At the time Zhang Jie was on the verge of death, was asked to take over by the scandal-stricken Shi Dai Vincent.

Stuart Vinson has been questioned by the mainstream media in the United States, the high Asian-Asian ratio, as well as the possibility of eccentric eyes of Chinese descent. While some Hispanics and Hispanics question the selection process as overly dependent on tests, African-American students refer to only African-American students in the school that can be counted on with both hands.
Cheeky briefing, speaking Beijing accent Zhang Jie said that most Asian people are normal, mainly because of the influence of Chinese culture, on the one hand, “the only reading high” philosophy enjoys popular support from ancient times, on the other hand, the tutoring style The prevalence in Asians, these factors have led to the advantages of Asian students in terms of scores, a higher percentage of Asian students.
In fact, if more than 20 years have passed since then, it is a gathering place for Jewish students. With the increase of Jewish schools on the one hand and the ethnic development in the United States on the other hand, Jewish students are gradually being replaced by Asian students.
Not like private high schools in the United States, students from non-rich families are expensive, and in Stu St Vincent High School, 40% of students come from poor families. Many parents are the first generation of immigrants, they want their children to practice the American dream through elite schools.
Many Chinese parents have stereotyped American education and think that the educational atmosphere in the United States is more relaxed. Zhang Jie said this may be a “beautiful misunderstanding,” or a false proposition.

In the United States, schools like St Davidson are fiercely competitive. Although in the American philosophy elementary school stage “pay attention to” academic atmosphere relaxed and all-round development, but in fact high-quality junior high school to high school, the competitive pressure is not small. With Stalwanson High School, here is the alma mater of four Nobel Prize winners, who say hard social currency in school is academic.
Zhang Jie’s son was also a Steven Winson high school, later admitted to Harvard University. “Students like my son do ten lessons a day for four years.” Stavenson is 41 minutes per lesson, which means nearly seven hours of light classes each day.

But unlike Chinese-style high schools, at Stuart Vinson, you can find the breadth of the discipline absolutely dazzling, including various disciplines such as medicine, philosophy and astronomy. “This is a positive cycle, the more excellent students, the more you can fix a want to repair the class, the more aware of their interests, help them make a wise life decision.”
Zhang Jie never denied the pressure of the school: “Reading this school is like reading Harvard, MIT students in a state of high pressure.” After she became the principal, an important thing to do is to strengthen the psychological Counseling to help children adapt to high-intensity academic, of course, also includes providing parents with a lot of resources and guidance.
Although many Asians score “triumphantly,” Asian American dreams are facing challenges in recent years. Americans questioned the Asian resources squeeze elite schools, while Asians held high scores complained that the US elite Harvard, Princeton at the time of admission, with the standards of inequality, but these complaints are to defeat North ended.
Of course, there are deeper reasons behind this: on the one hand, Asians have fewer political participation, lack of influential entrepreneurs and limited contribution to the reputation of their alma mater. On the other hand, Asians donate money to the survival of American elite schools It does not seem generous, which is not commensurate with the proportion of Asian students. These factors have led to “even if Asians learn more tyrants, but to get elite schools is not easy” phenomenon.

However, Zhang Jie said: “We are not very concerned about how many people read Harvard, but also to their ability to give their foothold in the community and self-positioning.”

My invention changed fly fishing

My dad was one of the first people to introduce fly fishing to the Bahamas. He did fishing guides for Joseph Kennedy, the father of John F Kennedy and Ernest Hemingway. When Hemingway was fishing with us, I was only seven years old. He is a likable person. In fishing, he is still an unmanned master. Instead of begging for fish bites, he automatically bites them. I learned a few things from him.
I was born in 1936 in Grand Cay, Abaco. At 8 years old, I myself became a fishing wizard. My father first let me go to the beach to be a guide for clients because I know where the fish are. Soon, he began to feel comfortable with my client out to sea, or as a young boy, I brought adult barracuda, barracuda, mackerel and tarpon in Abaco’s salt water shallow waters.
In 1968 I started a fishing hut on Andros Island – “Charlie’s Haven” (Charlie’s Haven), which I built by hand with pieces of lumber and some steel. Baseball player Ted Williams became my client. And golf champion Jack Nicklaus. Dag Hammarskjöld, the former Swedish general secretary of the UN, unfortunately, also caught fishing with me for 10 years before losing his plane. While fishing, I also serve as chef and resident musician at Lighthouse Club near Fresh Creek. I cook, fish, and use a guitar bomb Calypso minor.
One day in the late 1960s, Lynden Pindling, then Prime Minister of the Bahamas, came to Andros Island with the then Canadian Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau. They want me to take them to Northern Barracuda. I knew at the time that this time we had to catch fish.

I remembered childhood. Once my father pulled a feather from a mallard he shot and handed me the feather on the hook. I walked down the beach and immediately caught a North Barracuda with it. In the water, the lure looked like a small fish, and I realized at the time that the northern barracuda must love to eat small fish. So I used a chicken feather as the main body of the lure, eyeballing with some beads on the military license plate, and making a lure that looked exactly the same as a small fish. The next day, the two prime ministers had caught the North Barracuda, and I also invented the famous “Crazy Charlie” northern barracuda lure, a revolution that has revolutionized salt water fly fishing.
Later, I worked as a guide for two employees at a flying fishing company in California. They brought my bait back to the United States and made a different version based on the bait. I originally named the lure “Nasty Charlie,” but they later changed their name. Hundreds of different versions of Crazy Charlie now exist. This kind of bait has generated millions of dollars in revenue for the fishing industry, but I myself have never been paid anything.

I do not feel uneasy about this. I have had a very happy life. I am 78 years old and feel like a 28 year old boy. I have 15 sons and 9 daughters. If you’re only fishing, cooking and playing the piano all your life, it will be like me. Now I’m not very good looking, no longer a wizard to do the work, but I am trying to develop more effective North Pike lure.
My son and I are running a flying fishing university to teach young fly bait fishing in the Bahamas. This sport is not really part of our culture. Fly fishing costs are too high – rich people can afford to play. But young people are slowly falling in love with the sport. After flying fishing camp was opened, we not only taught them how to fly fishing, but also provided other aspects of ecotourism training, such as sea kayaking, bird watching, snorkeling and deep-sea fishing.

Our main purpose will be environmental protection. The Bahamas has an extremely rich natural resource, with the world’s third largest coral reef and a shallow sea stretching 20 miles, but we have to use it in a sustainable manner or else typical tourism consisting of hotels and cruise ships that destroy mangroves Mode, it will make all this encounter catastrophe.
We want fly fishing to take root here and also hope that the Bahamians can better manage the land so that they can truly become masters here.
Photo by Duke Wells